crown CU Home > Libraries Home
Columbia Center for Oral History Portal >

Oral history interview with Francis Blanchard, 1999

Creator: Blanchard, Francis
Project: United Nations intellectual history project (UNIHP).
(see all project interviews)
Phys. Desc. :transcript: 113 pages Sound recording: 4 sound cassettes
Location: Columbia Center for Oral History
Full CLIO record >>

Biographical Note

Director-General, International Labour Organization

Scope and Contents

Born 1916 in Paris, France; education: law and politics at the University of Paris (IV); career: civil service in Morocco and Tunisia, 1940; assistant to Lucien Romier, member of Vichy government; involvement in Resistance activities; involvement in negotiation of return of Soviet soldiers; International Refugee Organization (IRO), 1947-1951; joining with International Labour Organization (ILO) in Geneva, 1951; appointment to assistant director general, 1956; appointment to deputy director-general of ILO, 1968; director-general of ILO, 1974-1989; themes: ILO operations and awarding of Nobel Peace Prize, selection of new director-general; role of Wilfred Jenks; ILO incentive against poverty and poor working conditions; 1977 withdrawal of US from ILO; Cold War-era international relations; benefits and drawbacks of tripartism; ILO promotion of human rights; apartheid debate and withdrawal of South Africa from ILO; social clause; child labor; Solidarity labor movement in Poland; assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II; debate over international labor standards; relationships with World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF); approach to global economic inequality; conflict between international economic organizations and communist system; decline in influence of Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC); New International Economic Order; economic relations with China and Israel; departure from UN

Subjects

Access Conditions

Copyright by the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, 2000

Using this collection

Columbia Center for Oral History

Address:
Columbia University
535 West 114th Street
801 Butler Library, Box 20
MC1129
New York, NY 10027
Telephone:
(212) 854-7083

Email:
oralhist
@libraries.cul.columbia.edu

Website:
Columbia Center for Oral History