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Oral history interview with Jacques J. Polak, 2000

Creator: Polak, J. J. 1914-2010
Project: United Nations intellectual history project (UNIHP).
(see all project interviews)
Phys. Desc. :Transcript: 65 pages Sound recording: 2 digital audio tapes
Location: Columbia Center for Oral History
Full CLIO record >>

Biographical Note

Economist

Scope and Contents

Born in Holland. Education: Primary and Secondary school in Rotterdam, Erasmiaans Gymnaisum, doctoral in Economics Amsterdam University, 1932-1937. Career: research assistant to Jan Tinbergen at League of Nations (Geneva), October 1937; assistant to Tjalling Koopman at League of Nations (Geneva), 1938; Princeton University Institute for Advanced Studies (affiliated with League of Nations), 1940; Shipping, Finance, and Trade Mission, Division of Netherlands Embassy, April 1943; Bretton Woods Conference, Summer 1944; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) Assistant Financial Advisor and Economic Advisor to Director General Herbert Lehman and Fiorello LaGuardia, late 1944-1947; International Monetary Fund (IMF) Senior Economist and Director of Research (1958), 1947-1979; Compensatory Finance Facility and special drawing rights (SDRs) established under Polak's direcotorship; Retired, 1979; Special Assistant to Managing Director, 1979-1980; Executive Director, 1981; Second Retirement, 1986; Jacobsson Foundation Consultant to Louis Emmeriji (1986). Influence of Great Depression, gilder devaluation, Keynesian economics, and Professor Jan Tinbergen on economics study; significance of League of Nations in economic and monetary research on IMF, UN, and Bretton Woods Conference development; Bretton Woods Conference history; UN and IMF relationship; differences between IMF and World Bank; evolution of IMF and World Bank monetary policy; future of monetary policy; IMF involvement in Latin America, decolonized Africa, and post-soviet Eastern Europe

Subjects

Access Conditions

Copyright by the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, 2000

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